Frontispiece of Volume 17 from a copy of Abu'l-Faraj al-Isfahani's Kitab al-Aghani
(Book of Songs) Iraq, Mosul; 610H/1219AD

Enthroned Ruler And His Entourage

The Book of Songs is an anthology of early Arabic poetry that not only has literary value, but is also important from a cultural historical point of view.

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Picture source: Anna Ballian, Three medieval Islamic brasses and the Mosul tradition, 2009
Istanbul, Millet Library, Ms Feyzullah Efendi 1566.

Referenced as Figure 3. in Sultans with Horns: The Political Significance of Headgear in the Mamluk Empire by Albrecht Fuess
North Iraq, ca. 1218-19: Ruler wearing a qabāʾ turkī with ṭirāz bands. On his head is a sharbūsh. His attendants also wear Turkish costumes. Most wear the cap known as kallawtah. From the frontispiece of the “Kitāb al-Aghānī” (Millet Kütüphanesi [Istanbul] MS Feyzullah Efendi 1566, fol. 1b).
(The ruler is generally identified with Badr al-Dīn Luʾluʾ, Atabeg of Mosul, who died in 657/1259. See Carole Hillenbrand, review of Badr al-Din Luʾluʾ: Atabeg of Mosul, 1211-1259, by Douglas Patton, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 24, no. 2 [1997]: 266.)

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