THE

COSTUME OF TURKEY,

ILLUSTRATED BY A SERIES OF

ENGRAVINGS;

WITH

DESCRIPTIONS IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH.

Plate XXXIV

TWO JANISSARIES
IN THEIR DRESS OF CEREMONY.

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Janissaries in official dress.
THE formation and first establishment of that vast body of men, the Janissaries, is said to have taken place during be reign either of Osman I. or Morad II. They were at first composed of boys, who were sent tributes from Macedonia, Bulgaria, and the different Greek Provinces. Being sent at a very early age, they were brought up to the Mussulman religion, and were called “ Hadjèm-Oglàr,” the children of strangers. This tribute, however, was soon altered to the more convenient one of money, and this corps has since been supplied by volunteers. Hence called “ Yeni-tcherì,” new soldiers, and by Europeans corrupted to Janissary.
   The pay of these troops differ in time of war or peace. In the latter it is much less, Their numbers, though very great, are not well ascertained, as the title is hereditary ; and many get enrolled, while they continue the exercise of their trade, in order to enjoy certain privileges. Each Janissary has a certain indelible symbol marked in the flesh of the arm by means of gunpowder, to shew the Odah, or regiment, to which he belongs. These differ ; the first has a crescent; the thirty-first which serves at sea, an anchor. This is reckoned the most honourable. Some of them wear, when full dressed, a large felt cap, with a square piece falling half way down their backs. In the front there is a socket originally for feathers, but now it is the place for their spoon.

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See a Jenisseri saka : officier subalterne junior officer in Monnier's album Costumes Orientaux (Recueil de costumes et vêtements de l'Empire ottoman au 18e siècle), 1786
Other Illustrations of Ottoman Janissaries (Janizary, Yeniceri)